- A spiritual overseer, superintendent, or director."Ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls." [1 Pet. ii. 25.]"It is a fact now generally recognized by theologians of all shades of opinion, that in the language of the New Testament the same officer in the church is called indifferently “bishop” ( � ) and “elder” or “presbyter.”" [J. B. Lightfoot.]
- In the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Anglican or Protestant Episcopal churches, one ordained to the highest order of the ministry, superior to the priesthood, and generally claiming to be a successor of the Apostles. The bishop is usually the spiritual head or ruler of a diocese, bishopric, or see.
- In the Methodist Episcopal and some other churches, one of the highest church officers or superintendents.
- A piece used in the game of chess, bearing a representation of a bishop's miter; -- formerly called archer.
- A beverage, being a mixture of wine, oranges or lemons, and sugar.
- An old name for a woman's bustle.(U. S)"If, by her bishop, or her “grace” alone, A genuine lady, or a church, is known." [Saxe.]
Etymology: OE. bischop biscop bisceop, AS. bisceop biscop, L. episcopus overseer, superintendent, bishop, fr. Gr. � � over + � inspector, fr. root of � �, to look to, perh. akin to L. specere to look at. See Spy, and cf. Episcopal