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211
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since 1880
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Meaning and Origin

What does the name Castle mean? Find out below.

Origin and Meaning of Castle

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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary
noun Cas"tle
Senses
  1. A fortified residence, especially that of a prince or nobleman; a fortress."The house of every one is to him castle and fortress, as well for his defense againts injury and violence, as for his repose." [Coke.]"Our castle's strength Will laugh a siege to scorn." [Shak.] A Donjon or Keep, an irregular building containing the dwelling of the lord and his family; B C Large round towers ferming part of the donjon and of the exterior; D Square tower, separating the two inner courts and forming part of the donjon; E Chapel, whose apse forms a half-round tower, F, on the exterior walls; G H Round towers on the exterior walls; K Postern gate, reached from outside by a removable fight of steps or inclined plane for hoisting in stores, and leading to a court, Lsee small digagram) whose pavement is on a level with the sill of the postern, but below the level of the larger court, with which it communicates by a separately fortified gateway; M Turret, containing spiral stairway to all the stories of the great tower, B, and serving also as a station for signal fire, banner, etc.; N Turret with stairway for tower, C; O Echauguettes; P P P Battlemants consisting of merlons and crenels alternately, the merlons being pierced by loopholes; Q Q Machicolations (those at Q defend the postern K); R Outwork defending the approach, which is a road ascending the hill and passing under all four faces of the castle; S S Wall of the outer bailey. The road of approach enters the bailey at T and passes thence into the castle by the main entrance gateway (which is in the wall between, and defended by the towers, C H) and over two drawbridges and through fortified passages to the inner court.
  2. Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion.
  3. A small tower, as on a ship, or an elephant's back.
  4. A piece, made to represent a castle, used in the game of chess; a rook.
    synonyms: Fortress; fortification; citadel; stronghold. See Fortress.

Note: ☞ Originally the mediæval castle was a single strong tower or keep, with a palisaded inclosure around it and inferior buidings, such as stables and the like, and surrounded by a moat; then such a keep or donjon, with courtyards or baileys and accessory buildings of greater elaboration a great hall and a chapel, all surrounded by defensive walls and a moat, with a drawbridge, etc. Afterwards the name was retained by large dwellings that had formerly been fortresses, or by those which replaced ancient fortresses.

Etymology: AS. castel, fr. L. castellum, dim. of castrum a fortified place, castle

verb Cas"tle
To move the castle to the square next to king, and then the king around the castle to the square next beyond it, for the purpose of covering the king.
Other Dictionary Sources
  1. Interchanging the positions of the king and a rook
  2. A large building formerly occupied by a ruler and fortified against attack
  3. (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard
  4. A large and stately mansion
  5. Move the king two squares toward a rook and in the same move the rook to the square next past the king
Wiktionary

From Middle English castle, castel, from Old English castel, castell (“a town, village, castle”), borrowed from Late Latin castellum (“small camp, fort”), diminutive of Latin castrum (“camp, fort, citadel, stronghold”), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *kat- (“hut, shed”). Parallel borrowings (from Late Latin or Old French) are Scots castel, castell (“castle”), West Frisian kastiel (“castle”), Dutch kasteel (“castle”), German Kastell (“castle”), Danish kastel (“citadel”), Swedish kastell (“citadel”), Icelandic kastali (“castle”), Welsh castell. The Middle English word was reinforced by Anglo-Norman/Old Northern French castel, itself from Late Latin castellum (“small camp, fort”) (compare modern French château from Old French chastel). If Latin castrum (“camp, fort, citadel, stronghold”) is from Proto-Indo-European *kat- (“hut, shed”), Latin casa (“cottage, hut”) is related. Possibly related also to Gothic 𐌷𐌴𐌸𐌾𐍉 (hēþjō, “chamber”), Old English heaþor (“restraint, confinement, enclosure, prison”). See also casino, cassock.

  1. A large building that is fortified and contains many defences; in previous ages often inhabited by a nobleman or king.
  2. (chess) An instance of castling.
  3. (shogi) A defense structure in Japanese chess in which the king (玉) is positioned in a certain way so that it is protected by pawns (歩) and silver general(s) (銀) and/or gold general(s) (金) often with an additional knight (桂) and lance (香車).
  4. (chess, informal) A rook; a chess piece shaped like a castle tower.
  5. (obsolete) A close helmet.
  6. (dated) Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion.
  7. (dated) A small tower, as on a ship, or an elephant's back.

Notable Persons Named Castle

Castle was born in 1944.

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Notable Persons With the Last Name Castle

Darrell Castle is a lawyer. Darrell was born in 1948.

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Nick Castle is a film director and screenwriter. Nick was given the name Nicholas Charles Castle, Jr. on September 21st, 1947 in Kingsport, Tennessee.

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Richard Castle is a fictional character.

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Johnny was born on January 31st, 1980 in Pennsylvania.

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Dalton was born on March 4th, 1986 in Albany, New York, United States.

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William Castle was a director, producer, screenwriter, and actor. William was given the name William Schloss, Jr. on April 24th, 1914 in New York City, New York, U.S. He passed away on May 31st, 1977.

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Where is the name Castle popular?

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Popularity of Castle as a last name

The map shows the relative popularity of the name Castle as a last name in each of the states. See other popular names in Kentucky, Virginia, or West Virginia.

Ethnicity Distribution

Ethnicity Castle U.S.
  White 88.04% 64.26%
  African American 6.74% 11.96%
  Asian, Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander 0.59% 4.85%
  American Indian and Alaska Native 0.38% 0.69%
  Two or More Ethnicities 1.61% 1.76%
  Hispanic or Latino 2.64% 16.26%

Of Last Name Castle

People with the last name Castle are most frequently White

Entire United States

Fun Facts about the name Castle

  • How Popular is the name Castle? Castle is the 26,160th most popular name of all time. As a last name Castle was the 1,744th most popular name in 2010.
  • How many people with the first name Castle have been born in the United States? From 1880 to 2017, the Social Security Administration has recorded 211 babies born with the first name Castle in the United States. That's more than enough people named Castle to occupy the territory of Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom) with an estimated population of 66 (as of July 1, 2008).
  • What year were 5 or more babies first named Castle? The name was first given to 5 or more babies in the year 1916 when it was given as a first name to 5 new born babies.
  • When was Castle first recorded in the United States? The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the first name Castle is Saturday, January 10th, 1874.
  • What year had the most people named Castle born? The highest recorded use of the first name Castle was in 2015 with a total of 27 babies.
  • Weird things about the name Castle: Your name in reverse order is Eltsac. A random rearrangement of the letters in your name (anagram) will give Teacls. How do you pronounce that?
  • How many people have the last name Castle? In 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau surveyed 20,534 people with the last name Castle.
  • How likely are you to meet someone with the last name of Castle? If you manage to meet 100,000 people in your life, chances are that 7 of them will have Castle as their last name.

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Most Popular Names

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  • Sources:
  • U.S. Census Bureau: Frequently Occurring Surnames from the Census 2000 (public domain).
  • U.S. Social Security Administration: Popular Baby Names, Death Master File (public domain).
  • 1913 Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary via the Collaborative International Dictionary of English (License)
  • Other Dictionary Sources: WordNet 3.1 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University (License).
  • Wiktionary: Titles and License.
  • Notable persons via Wikipedia: Titles and License. Click each image for the attribution information.