- [Zoöl] A wading bird of the genus Grus, and allied genera, of various species, having a long, straight bill, and long legs and neck.
- Any arm which swings about a vertical axis at one end, used for supporting a suspended weight.
- A machine for raising and lowering heavy weights, and, while holding them suspended, transporting them through a limited lateral distance. In one form it consists of a projecting arm or jib of timber or iron, a rotating post or base, and the necessary tackle, windlass, etc.; -- so called from a fancied similarity between its arm and the neck of a crane See Illust. of Derrick.
- An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side or back of a fireplace, for supporting kettles, etc., over a fire.
- A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask.
- [Naut] A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc., -- generally used in pairs. See Crotch, 2.
- [Zoöl] The American blue heron (Ardea herodias).(Local, U. S)
Note: ☞ The common European crane is Grus cinerea. The sand-hill crane (Grus Mexicana) and the whooping crane (Grus Americana) are large American species. The Balearic or crowned crane is Balearica pavonina. The name is sometimes erroneously applied to the herons and cormorants.
Etymology: AS. cran; akin to D. & LG. craan, G. kranich krahnthis in sense 2), Gr. ge`ranos, L. grus, W. & Armor. garan, OSlav. zeravĭ, Lith. gerve, Icel. trani, Sw. trana, Dan. trane. √24. Cf. Geranium