- [Zoöl] A pigeon of the genus Columba and various related genera. The species are numerous.
- A word of endearment for one regarded as pure and gentle."O my dove, . . . let me hear thy voice." [Cant. ii. 14.]
- a person advocating peace, compromise or conciliation rather than war or conflict. Opposite of hawk.
Note: ☞ The domestic dove, including the varieties called fantails tumblers carrier pigeons, etc., was derived from the rock pigeon Columba livia) of Europe and Asia; the turtledove of Europe, celebrated for its sweet, plaintive note, is Columba turtur or Turtur vulgaris; the ringdove, the largest of European species, is Columba palumbus; the Carolina dove, or Mourning dove, is Zenaidura macroura; the sea dove is the little auk (Mergulus alle or Alle alle). See Turtledove Ground dove, and Rock pigeon. The dove is a symbol of peace, innocence, gentleness, and affection; also, in art and in the Scriptures, the typical symbol of the Holy Ghost.
Etymology: OE. dove duve douve, AS. dūfe; akin to OS. dūba, D. duif, OHG. tūba, G. taube, Icel. dūfa, Sw. dufva, Dan. due, Goth. dūbō; perh. from the root of E. dive