First Name
in the U.S.
since 1880
Last Name
in the U.S.
in 2010
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How to Pronounce Earth

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Meaning and Origin

What does the name Earth mean? Find out below.

Origin and Meaning of Earth

User Submitted Meanings

  • A submission from New Jersey, United States says the name Earth means "Planet" and is of American origin.
Other origins: Indian (Sanskrit)

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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary
noun Earth
  1. The globe or planet which we inhabit; the world, in distinction from the sun, moon, or stars. Also, this world as the dwelling place of mortals, in distinction from the dwelling place of spirits."That law preserves the earth a sphere And guides the planets in their course." [S. Rogers.]"In heaven, or earth, or under earth, in hell." [Milton.]
  2. The solid materials which make up the globe, in distinction from the air or water; the dry land."God called the dry land earth." [Gen. i. 10.]"He is pure air and fire, and the dull elements of earth and water never appear in him." [Shak.]
  3. The softer inorganic matter composing part of the surface of the globe, in distinction from the firm rock; soil of all kinds, including gravel, clay, loam, and the like; sometimes, soil favorable to the growth of plants; the visible surface of the globe; the ground; as, loose earth; rich earth. "Give him a little earth for charity." [Shak.]
  4. A part of this globe; a region; a country; land."Would I had never trod this English earth." [Shak.]
  5. Worldly things, as opposed to spiritual things; the pursuits, interests, and allurements of this life."Our weary souls by earth beguiled." [Keble.]
  6. The people on the globe."The whole earth was of one language." [Gen. xi. 1.]
  7. [Chem]
    1. Any earthy-looking metallic oxide, as alumina, glucina, zirconia, yttria, and thoria.
    2. A similar oxide, having a slight alkaline reaction, as lime, magnesia, strontia, baryta.
  8. A hole in the ground, where an animal hides himself; as, the earth of a fox."They [ferrets] course the poor conies out of their earths." [Holland.]
  9. [Elec] The connection of any part an electric conductor with the ground; specif., the connection of a telegraph line with the ground through a fault or otherwise.

Note: ☞ When the resistance of the earth connection is low it is termed a good earth.

Note: Earth is used either adjectively or in combination to form compound words; as, earth apple or earth-apple; earth metal or earth-metal; earth closet or earth-closet.

Etymology: AS. eorðe; akin to OS. ertha, OFries. irthe, D. aarde, OHG. erda, G. erde, Icel. jörð, Sw. & Dan. jord, Goth. aīrþa, OHG. ero, Gr. �, adv., to earth, and perh. to E. ear to plow

verb Earth
  1. To hide, or cause to hide, in the earth; to chase into a burrow or den."The fox is earthed." [Dryden.]
  2. To cover with earth or mold; to inter; to bury; -- sometimes with up."The miser earths his treasure, and the thief, Watching the mole, half beggars him ere noon." [Young.]"Why this in earthing up a carcass?" [R. Blair.]
verb Earth
To burrow.
noun Earth
A plowing.

Etymology: From Ear to plow

Other Dictionary Sources
  1. A connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)
  2. The concerns of this life as distinguished from heaven and the afterlife
  3. The abode of mortals (as contrasted with Heaven or Hell) ("it was hell on earth")
  4. The 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on ("the Earth moves around the sun")
  5. The solid part of the earth's surface ("the earth shook for several minutes")
  6. The loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface ("they dug into the earth outside the church")
  7. Once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles)
  8. Connect to the earth ("earth the circuit")
  9. Hide in the earth like a hunted animal

From Middle English erthe, from Old English eorþe (“earth, ground, soil, dry land”), from Proto-Germanic *erþō (“earth, ground, soil”) (compare West Frisian ierde, Low German Eerd, Dutch aarde, Dutch Low Saxon eerde, German Erde, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian jord), related to *erwô (“earth”) (compare Old High German ero, perhaps Old Norse jǫrfi (“c”)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁er- (compare Ancient Greek *ἔρα (*éra) in ἔραζε (éraze, “on the ground”), perhaps Tocharian B yare (“gravel”).

Probably unrelated, and of unknown etymology, is Old Armenian երկիր (erkir, “earth”)). Likewise, the phonologically similar Proto-Semitic *ʾarṣ́- (whence Arabic أَرْض (ʾarḍ), Hebrew אֶרֶץ (ʾereṣ)) is probably not related.

  1. Our planet, third out from the Sun; see main entry Earth.
    The astronauts saw the from the porthole.
  2. (uncountable) Soil.
    This is good for growing potatoes.
  3. (uncountable) Any general rock-based material.
    She sighed when the plane's wheels finally touched .
  4. The ground, land (as opposed to the sky or sea).
    Birds are of the sky, not of the .
  5. (Britain) A connection electrically to the earth ((US) ground); on equipment: a terminal connected in that manner.
  6. A fox's home or lair.
  7. The world of our current life (as opposed to heaven or an afterlife).
  8. (alchemy) One of the four basic elements.
  9. (India and Japan) One of the five basic elements.
  10. (Taoism) One of the five basic elements.

Notable Persons With the Last Name Earth

The Tallest Man on Earth is a folk music and indie folk musician. He plays Guitar, Banjo, Piano, and Vocals. He was most active from 2005 to present. The was given the name Saras Per Kristian Matsson on April 30th, 1983 in Leksand.


George Earth is a songwriter, guitarist, comic book artist, talk show host, comic book, and list of talk show hosts. He plays Theremin. He was most active from 1982 to present. George was born on July 3rd, 1966 in Paterson, New Jersey.


Where is the name Earth popular?

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Popularity of Earth as a last name

The map shows the absolute popularity of the name Earth as a last name in each of the states. See other popular names in Minnesota, Nebraska, or Illinois.

Ethnicity Distribution

Ethnicity Earth U.S.
  White 17.04% 64.26%
  African American 31.11% 11.96%
  Asian, Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander 0.00% 4.85%
  American Indian and Alaska Native 42.22% 0.69%
  Two or More Ethnicities 0.00% 1.76%
  Hispanic or Latino 4.44% 16.26%

Of Last Name Earth

People with the last name Earth are most frequently White, African American, or American Indian and Alaska Native

Entire United States

Fun Facts about the name Earth

  • How Popular is the name Earth? Earth is the 63,265th most popular name of all time. As a last name Earth was the 126,765th most popular name in 2010.
  • How many people with the first name Earth have been born in the United States? From 1880 to 2017, the Social Security Administration has recorded 18 babies born with the first name Earth in the United States.
  • What year were 5 or more babies first named Earth? The name was first given to 5 or more babies in the year 1974 when it was given as a first name to 7 new born babies.
  • When was Earth first recorded in the United States? The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the first name Earth is Wednesday, January 25th, 1888.
  • What year had the most people named Earth born? The highest recorded use of the first name Earth was in 1974 with a total of 7 babies.
  • Weird things about the name Earth: Your name in reverse order is Htrae. A random rearrangement of the letters in your name (anagram) will give Rhaet. How do you pronounce that?
  • How many people have the last name Earth? In 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau surveyed 135 people with the last name Earth.
  • How likely are you to meet someone with the last name of Earth? Earth is one of the most unique last names recorded.

What Earths Have Visited This Page?

Name poster for Earth

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Most Popular Names

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  • Sources:
  • U.S. Census Bureau: Frequently Occurring Surnames from the Census 2000 (public domain).
  • U.S. Social Security Administration: Popular Baby Names, Death Master File (public domain).
  • 1913 Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary via the Collaborative International Dictionary of English (License)
  • Other Dictionary Sources: WordNet 3.1 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University (License).
  • Wiktionary: Titles and License.
  • Notable persons via Wikipedia: Titles and License. Click each image for the attribution information.