From Middle English fangen, from Old English fōn (“to take, grasp, seize, catch, capture, make prisoner, receive, accept, assume, undertake, meet with, encounter”), and Old Norse fanga (“to fetch, capture”), both from Proto-Germanic *fanhaną, *fangōną (“to catch, capture”), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂ḱ- (“to fasten, place”). Cognate with West Frisian fange (“to catch”), Dutch vangen (“to catch”), German fangen (“to catch”), Danish fange (“to catch”), Albanian peng (“to hinder, hold captive”).
From Middle English fang, feng (“a catching, capture, seizing”), from Old English fang, feng (“grip, embrace, grasp, grasping, capture, prey, booty, plunder”), from Proto-Germanic *fangą, *fangiz, *fanhiz (“catch, catching, seizure”), from *fanhaną (“to catch, capture”), from Proto-Indo-European *ph₂ǵ- (“to fasten”). Cognate with Scots fang (“that which is taken, capture, catch, prey, booty”), Dutch vang (“a catch”), Low German fangst (“a catch”), German Fang (“a catch, capture, booty”), Swedish fång, fångst, Icelandic fang. Related also to Latin pangere (“to solidify, drive in”), Albanian mpij (“to benumb, stiffen”), Ancient Greek πήγνυμι (pḗgnumi, “to stiffen, firm up”), Sanskrit पाशयति (pāśayati, “(s)he binds”)|tr=pāśáyati.
- (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) A grasping; capture; the act or power of seizing; hold.
- That which is seized or carried off; booty; spoils; stolen goods.
- Any projection, catch, shoot, or other thing by which hold is taken; a prehensile part or organ.
- (mining) A channel cut in the rock, or a pipe of wood, used for conveying air.
- (rare, in the plural) Cage-shuts.
- (nautical) The coil or bend of a rope; (by extension) a noose; a trap.
- (nautical) The valve of a pump box.
From an abbreviation of fangtooth, from Middle English *fangtooth, *fengtooth, from Old English fængtōþ, fengtōþ (“canine tooth”, literally “catch-tooth”). Cognate with German Fangzahn (“fang”, literally “catch-tooth”) and Dutch vangtand.
- a long, pointed canine tooth used for biting and tearing flesh
- (in snakes) a long pointed tooth for injecting venom
fang was also found in the following language(s): Catalan, Danish, German, Icelandic, Mandarin, Norwegian BokmÃ¥l, Norwegian Nynorsk, Old English, and Scottish Gaelic