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since 1880
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Meaning and Origin

What does the name Gauge mean? Find out below.

Origin and Meaning of Gauge

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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary
verb Gauge
Senses
  1. To measure or determine with a gauge.
  2. To measure or to ascertain the contents or the capacity of, as of a pipe, barrel, or keg.
  3. [Mech] To measure the dimensions of, or to test the accuracy of the form of, as of a part of a gunlock."The vanes nicely gauged on each side." [Derham.]
  4. To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread through it, as cloth or a garment.
  5. To measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to estimate; to judge of."You shall not gauge me By what we do to-night." [Shak.]

Etymology: OF. gaugier, F. jauger, cf. OF. gauge gauge, measuring rod, F. jauge; of uncertain origin; perh. fr. an assumed L. qualificare to determine the qualities of a thing (see Qualify); but cf. also F. jalon a measuring stake in surveying, and E. gallon

noun Gauge
Senses
  1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard."This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and groove to equal breadth by." [Moxon.]"There is not in our hands any fixed gauge of minds." [I. Taylor.]
  2. Measure; dimensions; estimate."The gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and contempt." [Burke.]
  3. [Mach. & Manuf] Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or template; as, a button maker's gauge .
  4. [Physics] Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
  5. [Naut]
    1. Relative positions of two or more vessels with reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
    2. The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
  6. The distance between the rails of a railway.
  7. [Plastering] The quantity of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to accelerate its setting.
  8. [Building] That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of such shingles, slates, or tiles.

Note: ☞ The standard gauge of railroads in most countries is four feet, eight and one half inches. Wide, or broad gauge, in the United States, is six feet; in England, seven feet, and generally any gauge exceeding standard gauge. Any gauge less than standard gauge is now called narrow gauge. It varies from two feet to three feet six inches.

Etymology: Written also gage

Other Dictionary Sources
  1. A measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.
  2. Diameter of a tube or gun barrel
  3. The thickness of wire
  4. The distance between the rails of a railway or between the wheels of a train
  5. Accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared
  6. Mix in specific proportions ("gauge plaster")
  7. Adapt to a specified measurement ("gauge the instruments")
  8. Measure precisely and against a standard ("the wire is gauged")
  9. Judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)
  10. Determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement and calculation ("gauge the wine barrels")
  11. Rub to a uniform size ("gauge bricks")
Wiktionary

From Middle English gage, gaugen, from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French gauger (compare Modern French jauger from Old French jaugier), from gauge (“gauging rod”), from Frankish *galga (“measuring rod, pole”), from Proto-Germanic *galgô (“pole, stake, cross”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰAlgʰ-, *ǵʰAlg- (“perch, long switch”). Cognate with Old High German galgo, Old Frisian galga, Old English ġealga (“cross-beam, gallows”), Old Norse galgi (“cross-beam, gallows”), Old Norse gelgja (“pole, perch”).

  1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard
  2. An act of measuring.
  3. Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the level, state, dimensions or forms of things
  4. A thickness of sheet metal or wire designated by any of several numbering schemes.
  5. (rail transport) The distance between the rails of a railway.
  6. (mathematics, analysis) A semi-norm; a function that assigns a non-negative size to all vectors in a vector space.
  7. (knitting) The number of stitches per inch, centimetre, or other unit of distance.
  8. (nautical) Relative positions of two or more vessels with reference to the wind.
    A vessel has the weather of another when on the windward side of it, and the lee when on the lee side of it.
  9. (nautical) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
  10. (plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to make it set more quickly.
  11. That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of such shingles, slates, or tiles.
  12. (firearms) A unit of measurement which describes how many spheres of bore diameter of a shotgun can be had from one pound of lead; 12 gauge is roughly equivalent to .75 caliber.
  13. (slang, by extension) A shotgun (synecdoche for 12 gauge shotgun, the most common chambering for combat and hunting shotguns).
  14. A tunnel-like ear piercing consisting of a hollow ring embedded in the lobe.

gauge was also found in the following language(s): Old French

Notable Persons With the Last Name Gauge

Alexander Gauge was an actor. Alexander was born on July 29th, 1914 in Wenzhou. He died on August 29th, 1960.

Popularity:

How popular is the baby name Gauge in the U.S.?

Click Here to Show Chart Data
Year Total Babies Born Girls Born Boys Born
1990 7 0 7
1991 14 0 14
1992 12 0 12
1993 24 0 24
1994 22 0 22
1995 27 0 27
1996 40 0 40
1997 36 0 36
1998 53 0 53
1999 62 0 62
2000 72 0 72
2001 102 0 102
2002 133 0 133
2003 131 0 131
2004 161 0 161
2005 181 0 181
2006 224 0 224
2007 198 0 198
2008 311 0 311
2009 327 0 327
2010 296 0 296
2011 298 0 298
2012 311 0 311
2013 318 0 318
2014 278 0 278
2015 251 0 251
2016 211 0 211
2017 171 0 171

Where is the name Gauge popular?

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Popularity of Gauge as a first name

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Fun Facts about the name Gauge

  • How Popular is the name Gauge? Gauge is the 4,173rd most popular name of all time.
  • How many people with the first name Gauge have been born in the United States? From 1880 to 2017, the Social Security Administration has recorded 4,271 babies born with the first name Gauge in the United States. That's more than enough people named Gauge to occupy the territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) with an estimated population of 4,000 (as of July 1, 2012).
  • What year were 5 or more babies first named Gauge? The name was first given to 5 or more babies in the year 1990 when it was given as a first name to 7 new born babies.
  • What year had the most people named Gauge born? The highest recorded use of the first name Gauge was in 2009 with a total of 327 babies.
  • Random Gauge Factoid: According to the 1996 U.S. Social Security Administration data, the first name Gauge is not a popular baby boy's name in Florida. Imagine that, only 5 babies in Florida have the same name as you in 1996.
  • Weird things about the name Gauge: Your name in reverse order is Eguag. A random rearrangement of the letters in your name (anagram) will give Gaeug. How do you pronounce that?

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  • Sources:
  • U.S. Census Bureau: Frequently Occurring Surnames from the Census 2000 (public domain).
  • U.S. Social Security Administration: Popular Baby Names, Death Master File (public domain).
  • 1913 Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary via the Collaborative International Dictionary of English (License)
  • Other Dictionary Sources: WordNet 3.1 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University (License).
  • Wiktionary: Titles and License.
  • Notable persons via Wikipedia: Titles and License. Click each image for the attribution information.