- With reference to space or place; as, he lives in Boston; he traveled in Italy; castles in the air. "The babe lying in a manger." [Luke ii. 16.]"Thy sun sets weeping in the lowly west." [Shak.]"Situated in the forty-first degree of latitude." [Gibbon.]"Matter for censure in every page." [Macaulay.]
- With reference to circumstances or conditions; as, he is in difficulties; she stood in a blaze of light. "Fettered inamorous chains." [Shak.]"Wrapt in sweet sounds, as in bright veils." [Shelley.]
- With reference to a whole which includes or comprises the part spoken of; as, the first in his family; the first regiment in the army. "Nine in ten of those who enter the ministry." [Swift.]
- With reference to physical surrounding, personal states, etc., abstractly denoted; as, I am in doubt; the room is in darkness; to live in fear. "When shall we three meet again, In thunder, lightning, or in rain?" [Shak.]
- With reference to character, reach, scope, or influence considered as establishing a limitation; as, to be in one's favor." Insight of God's high throne." [Milton.]"Sounds inharmonious in themselves, and harsh." [Cowper.]
- With reference to movement or tendency toward a certain limit or environment; -- sometimes equivalent to into; as, to put seed in the ground; to fall in love; to end in death; to put our trust in God. "He would not plunge his brother in despair." [Addison.]"She had no jewels to deposit in their caskets." [Fielding.]
- With reference to a limit of time; as, in an hour; it happened in the last century; in all my life.
synonyms: Into; within; on; at. See At.
Etymology: AS. in; akin to D. & G. in, Icel. ī, Sw. & Dan. i, OIr. & L. in, Gr. 'en. √197. Cf. 1st In- Inn