- Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length; protracted; extended; as, a long line; -- opposed to short, and distinguished from broad or wide.
- Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a considerable tine, or to a great length; as, a long series of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a long book.
- Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration; lingering; as, long hours of watching.
- Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in time; far away."The we may us reserve both fresh and strong Against the tournament, which is not long." [Spenser.]
- Having a length of the specified measure; of a specified length; as, a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that is, extended to the measure of a mile, etc.
- Far-reaching; extensive." Longviews." [Burke.]
- [Phonetics] Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See Short (a.), 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 22, 30.
- [Finance & Com] Having a supply of stocks or goods; prepared for, or depending for a profit upon, advance in prices; as, long of cotton. Hence, the phrases: to be, or go long of the market to be on the long side of the market, to hold products or securities for a rise in price, esp. when bought on a margin. Contrasted to short.
Note: ☞ Long is used as a prefix in a large number of compound adjectives which are mostly of obvious meaning; as, long-armed, long-beaked, long-haired, long-horned, long-necked, long-sleeved, long-tailed, long- worded, etc.
Etymology: AS. long lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr, Sw. lång, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. √125. Cf. Length Ling a fish, Linger Lunge Purloin