First Name
in the U.S.
since 1880
Last Name
in the U.S.
in 2010
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Meaning and Origin

What does the name Long mean? Find out below.

Origin and Meaning of Long

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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary
adjective Long
  1. Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length; protracted; extended; as, a long line; -- opposed to short, and distinguished from broad or wide.
  2. Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a considerable tine, or to a great length; as, a long series of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a long book.
  3. Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration; lingering; as, long hours of watching.
  4. Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in time; far away."The we may us reserve both fresh and strong Against the tournament, which is not long." [Spenser.]
  5. Having a length of the specified measure; of a specified length; as, a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that is, extended to the measure of a mile, etc.
  6. Far-reaching; extensive." Longviews." [Burke.]
  7. [Phonetics] Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See Short (a.), 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 22, 30.
  8. [Finance & Com] Having a supply of stocks or goods; prepared for, or depending for a profit upon, advance in prices; as, long of cotton. Hence, the phrases: to be, or go long of the market to be on the long side of the market, to hold products or securities for a rise in price, esp. when bought on a margin. Contrasted to short.

Note: Long is used as a prefix in a large number of compound adjectives which are mostly of obvious meaning; as, long-armed, long-beaked, long-haired, long-horned, long-necked, long-sleeved, long-tailed, long- worded, etc.

Etymology: AS. long lang; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr, Sw. lång, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus. √125. Cf. Length Ling a fish, Linger Lunge Purloin

noun Long
  1. [Mus] A note formerly used in music, one half the length of a large, twice that of a breve.
  2. [Phonetics] A long sound, syllable, or vowel.
  3. The longest dimension; the greatest extent; -- in the phrase, the long and the short of it, that is, the sum and substance of it.
adverb Long
  1. To a great extent in space; as, a long drawn out line.
  2. To a great extent in time; during a long time."They that tarry long at the wine." [Prov. xxiii. 30.]"When the trumpet soundeth long." [Ex. xix. 13.]
  3. At a point of duration far distant, either prior or posterior; as, not long before; not long after; long before the foundation of Rome; long after the Conquest.
  4. Through the whole extent or duration."The bird of dawning singeth all night long." [Shak.]
  5. Through an extent of time, more or less; -- only in question; as, how long will you be gone?

Etymology: AS. lance

preposition Long
By means of; by the fault of; because of.

Etymology: Abbreviated fr. along. See 3d Along

verb Long
  1. To feel a strong or morbid desire or craving; to wish for something with eagerness; -- followed by an infinitive, or by for or after."I long to see you." [Rom. i. 11.]"I have longed after thy precepts." [Ps. cxix. 40.]"I have longed for thy salvation." [Ps. cxix. 174.]"Nicomedes, longing for herrings, was supplied with fresh ones . . . at a great distance from the sea." [Arbuthnot.]
  2. To belong; -- used with to unto, or for.(Obs)"The labor which that longeth unto me." [Chaucer.]

Etymology: AS. langian to increase, to lengthen, to stretch out the mind after, to long, to crave, to belong to, fr. lang long. See Long (a.)

Other Dictionary Sources
  1. Desire strongly or persistently
  2. Having or being more than normal or necessary ("long on brains" and "in long supply")
  3. Primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified ("a long road", "a long distance", "contained many long words", and "ten miles long")
  4. Primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified ("a long life", "a long boring speech", "a long time", "a long friendship", "a long game", "long ago", and "an hour long")
  5. (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration ("the English vowel sounds in `bate', `beat', `bite', `boat', `boot' are long")
  6. Holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices ("is long on coffee" and "a long position in gold")
  7. Planning prudently for the future ("took a long view of the geopolitical issues")
  8. Good at remembering
  9. Involving substantial risk ("long odds")
  10. Of relatively great height ("a race of long gaunt men" and "looked out the long French windows")
  11. For an extended time or at a distant time ("a promotion long overdue", "something long hoped for", "his name has long been forgotten", "talked all night long", "how long will you be gone?", "arrived long before he was expected", and "it is long after your bedtime")
  12. For an extended distance
  1. A surname​. Originally a nickname for a tall man.

Long was also found in the following language(s): Luxembourgish and Vietnamese

Notable Persons Named Long

Long John Silver is a chief cook, quartermaster, pirate captain, and piracy.


Long is also known as The Gilgo Killer, The Gilgo Beach Killer, The Seashore Serial Killer, and The Craigslist Ripper.


Long John Baldry was a blues, blues rock, and folk rock singing and voice acting. He was most active from 1957 to 2005. Long was given the name John William Baldry on January 12th, 1941 in East Haddon, Northamptonshire, England. He breathed his last breath on July 21st, 2005.


Long was born in 1960.


Long was born on December 3rd, 1990 in Longshan, China.


Long was born in 1946. Long is also known as Jane Doe 40 and "Anna". She breathed her last breath on May 27th, 1974.


Notable Persons With the Last Name Long

Justin Long is an actor. His most notable accomplishments were from 1999 to present. Justin was given the name Justin Jacob Long by his parent R. James Long on June 2nd, 1978 in Fairfield, Connecticut, U.S.


Huey Long was a Governor of Louisiana. Huey was born on August 30th, 1893 in Winnfield, Louisiana. He passed away on September 10th, 1935.


Nia Long is an actress. Her most notable accomplishments were from 1986 to present. Nia was given the name Nitara Carlynn Long on October 30th, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York, United States.


Chris Long is a football player. Chris was born on March 28th, 1985 in Santa Monica, California. Chris is also known as Long, Christopher Howard; Long, and Christopher H..


Shelley Long is an actress. Her most notable accomplishments were from 1971 to present. Shelley was given the name Shelley Lee Long on August 23rd, 1949 in Fort Wayne, Indiana, U.S.


Howie Long is a football player for the Oakland Raiders. Howie was born on January 6th, 1960 in Charlestown, Boston.


How popular is the baby name Long in the U.S.?

Click Here to Show Chart Data
Year Total Babies Born Girls Born Boys Born
1975 11 0 11
1976 47 0 47
1977 30 0 30
1978 26 0 26
1979 32 0 32
1980 67 0 67
1981 71 0 71
1982 85 0 85
1983 80 0 80
1984 66 0 66
1985 59 0 59
1986 68 0 68
1987 55 0 55
1988 133 0 133
1989 47 0 47
1990 53 0 53
1991 48 0 48
1992 59 0 59
1993 66 0 66
1994 51 0 51
1995 53 0 53
1996 36 0 36
1997 43 0 43
1998 25 0 25
1999 37 0 37
2000 101 0 101
2001 37 0 37
2002 25 0 25
2003 31 0 31
2004 12 0 12
2005 21 0 21
2006 16 0 16
2007 21 0 21
2008 20 0 20
2009 22 0 22
2010 10 0 10
2011 10 0 10
2012 84 0 84
2013 26 0 26
2014 17 0 17
2015 12 0 12
2016 13 0 13
2017 7 0 7

Where is the name Long popular?

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Popularity of Long as a first name

The map shows the absolute popularity of the name Long as a first name in each of the states. See other popular names in California, Texas, or Louisiana.

Popularity of Long as a last name

The map shows the relative popularity of the name Long as a last name in each of the states. See other popular names in North Carolina, Tennessee, or Delaware.

Common last names for Long

  • Nguyen
  • Tran
  • Huynh
  • Le
  • Vo
  • Hoang

Ethnicity Distribution

Ethnicity Long U.S.
  White 79.88% 64.26%
  African American 12.10% 11.96%
  Asian, Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander 2.48% 4.85%
  American Indian and Alaska Native 1.32% 0.69%
  Two or More Ethnicities 1.97% 1.76%
  Hispanic or Latino 2.24% 16.26%

Of Last Name Long

People with the last name Long are most frequently White or African American

Entire United States

Fun Facts about the name Long

  • How Popular is the name Long? Long is the 7,168th most popular name of all time. As a last name Long was the 97th most popular name in 2010.
  • How many people with the first name Long have been born in the United States? From 1880 to 2017, the Social Security Administration has recorded 1,833 babies born with the first name Long in the United States. That's more than enough people named Long to occupy the territory of Christmas Island (Australia) with an estimated population of 1,462 (as of June 30, 2010).
  • What year were 5 or more babies first named Long? The name was first given to 5 or more babies in the year 1975 when it was given as a first name to 11 new born babies.
  • When was Long first recorded in the United States? The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the first name Long is Wednesday, February 18th, 1885.
  • What year had the most people named Long born? The highest recorded use of the first name Long was in 1988 with a total of 133 babies.
  • Random Long Factoid: According to the 1998 U.S. Social Security Administration data, the first name Long is not a popular baby boy's name in California. Imagine that, only 10 babies in California have the same name as you in 1998.
  • Weird things about the name Long: Your name in reverse order is Gnol. A random rearrangement of the letters in your name (anagram) will give Gonl. How do you pronounce that?
  • How many people have the last name Long? In 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau surveyed 229,374 people with the last name Long.
  • How likely are you to meet someone with the last name of Long? Long was ranked as the 97th most popular last name but is still less than 0.1% of the population!

What Longs Have Visited This Page?

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  • Sources:
  • U.S. Census Bureau: Frequently Occurring Surnames from the Census 2000 (public domain).
  • U.S. Social Security Administration: Popular Baby Names, Death Master File (public domain).
  • 1913 Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary via the Collaborative International Dictionary of English (License)
  • Other Dictionary Sources: WordNet 3.1 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University (License).
  • Wiktionary: Titles and License.
  • Notable persons via Wikipedia: Titles and License. Click each image for the attribution information.