- An incomplete or partial shadow.
- [Astron] The shadow cast, in an eclipse, where the light is partly, but not wholly, cut off by the intervening body; the space of partial illumination between the umbra, or perfect shadow, on all sides, and the full light.
- [Paint] The part of a picture where the shade imperceptibly blends with the light.
Note: ☞ The faint shade surrounding the dark central portion of a solar spot is also called the penumbra, and sometimes umbra.
Etymology: NL., fr. L. paene almost + umbra shade