From Middle English ring, ryng, also rink, rynk, from Old English hring, hrincg (“ring, link of chain, fetter, festoon, anything circular, circle, circular group, border, horizon, corselet, circuit (of a year), cycle, course, orb, globe”), from Proto-Germanic *hringaz (“circle”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)krengʰ- (“to turn, bend”). Akin to Scots ring (“ring”), West Frisian ring (“ring”), Saterland Frisian Ring (“ring, circle”), Dutch ring (“ring, hoop”), Low German Ring (“ring”), German Ring (“ring, circle”), Swedish ring (“ring, circle”), Icelandic hringur (“ring”), Umbrian krenkatrum, cringatro (“belt”), Proto-Slavic *krǫgъ (“circle”) (Russian круг (krug)), Old English hrung (“cross-bar, spoke”), Albanian vrangull (“a wheel-shaped tool, circle motion”), rreng (“to do a prank, cheat, deceive”). More at rung.
- (physical) A solid object in the shape of a circle.
- A circumscribing object, (roughly) circular and hollow, looking like an annual ring, earring, finger ring etc.
- A round piece of (precious) metal worn around the finger or through the ear, nose, etc.
- (Britain) A bird band, a round piece of metal put around a bird's leg used for identification and studies of migration.
- (Britain) A burner on a kitchen stove.
- In a jack plug, the connector between the tip and the sleeve.
- An instrument, formerly used for taking the sun's altitude, consisting of a brass ring suspended by a swivel, with a hole at one side through which a solar ray entering indicated the altitude on the graduated inner surface opposite.
- (botany) A flexible band partly or wholly encircling the spore cases of ferns.
- (physical) A group of objects arranged in a circle.
- A circular group of people or objects.
a of mushrooms growing in the wood
- (astronomy) A formation of various pieces of material orbiting around a planet.
- (Britain) A large circular prehistoric stone construction such as Stonehenge.
- A piece of food in the shape of a ring.
- A place where some sports or exhibitions take place; notably a circular or comparable arena, such as a boxing ring or a circus ring; hence the field of a political contest.
- An exclusive group of people, usually involving some unethical or illegal practices.
a crime ; a prostitution ; a bidding (at an auction sale)
- (chemistry) A group of atoms linked by bonds to form a closed chain in a molecule.
- (geometry) A planar geometrical figure included between two concentric circles.
- (typography) A diacritical mark in the shape of a hollow circle placed above or under the letter; a kroužek.
- (historical) An old English measure of corn equal to the coomb or half a quarter.
- (computing theory) A hierarchical level of privilege in a computer system, usually at hardware level, used to protect data and functionality (also protection ring).
- (firearms) Either of the pair of clamps used to hold a telescopic sight to a rifle.
From Middle English ringen, from Old English hringan (“to ring, sound, clash; announce by bells”), from Proto-Germanic *hringijaną (“to resound, ring”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreg- (“to crow, caw, croak, shout”). Cognate with Dutch ringen (“to ring”), Danish ringe (“to ring, call”), Swedish ringa (“to ring, call”), Icelandic hringja (“to ring, call”), Lithuanian krañkti (“to caw, croak, cough”), Albanian vring (“a high-pitched sound made by waving violently a solid object”).
- The resonant sound of a bell, or a sound resembling it.
- The church bell's could be heard the length of the valley.
- The of hammer on anvil filled the air.
- (figuratively) A pleasant or correct sound.
- The name has a nice to it.
- (figuratively) A sound or appearance that is characteristic of something.
- Her statements in court had a of falsehood.
- (colloquial) A telephone call.
- I’ll give you a when the plane lands.
- Any loud sound; the sound of numerous voices; a sound continued, repeated, or reverberated.
- A chime, or set of bells harmonically tuned.
- St Mary's has a of eight bells.
A shortening of German Zahlring (“number(s) ring”); coined by mathematician David Hilbert in 1892. (Reference: Harvey Cohn, Advanced Number Theory, page 49.)
- (algebra) An algebraic structure which consists of a set with two binary operations: an additive operation and a multiplicative operation, such that the set is an abelian group under the additive operation, a monoid under the multiplicative operation, and such that the multiplicative operation is distributive with respect to the additive operation.
- The set of integers, , is the prototypical .
- (algebra) An algebraic structure as above, but only required to be a semigroup under the multiplicative operation, that is, there need not be a multiplicative identity element.
- The definition of without unity allows, for instance, the set of even integers to be a ring.
ring was also found in the following language(s): Balinese, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, French, German, Hungarian, Norwegian BokmÃ¥l, Norwegian Nynorsk, Old Dutch, Old High German, Portuguese, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, and Swedish