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297
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since 1880
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Meaning and Origin

What does the name Rook mean? Find out below.

Origin and Meaning of Rook

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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary
noun Rook
Mist; fog. See Roke.
verb Rook
To squat; to ruck.
noun Rook
One of the four pieces placed on the corner squares of the board; a castle.

Etymology: F. roccf. Sp. roque), fr. Per. & Ar. rokh, or rukh, the rook or castle at chess, also the bird rocin this sense perhaps a different word); cf. Hind. rath a war chariot, the castle at chess, Skr. ratha a car, a war car. Cf. Roll

noun Rook
Senses
  1. [Zoöl] A European bird (Corvus frugilegus) resembling the crow, but smaller. It is black, with purple and violet reflections. The base of the beak and the region around it are covered with a rough, scabrous skin, which in old birds is whitish. It is gregarious in its habits. The name is also applied to related Asiatic species." The rook . . . should be treated as the farmer's friend." [Pennant.]
  2. A trickish, rapacious fellow; a cheat; a sharper.

Etymology: AS. hrōc; akin to OHG. hruoh ruoh ruoho, Icel. hrōkr, Sw. roka, Dan. raage; cf. Goth. hrukjan to crow

verb Rook
To cheat; to defraud by cheating.
Other Dictionary Sources
  1. Common gregarious Old World bird about the size and color of the American crow
  2. (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard
  3. Deprive of by deceit
Wiktionary
A rook (bird)
  1. A European bird, Corvus frugilegus, of the crow family.
  2. A cheat or swindler; someone who betrays.
  3. (Britain) a type of firecracker used by farmers to scare birds of the same name.
  4. A trick-taking game, usually played with a specialized deck of cards.

From Middle English rok, roke, from Old English hrōc, from Proto-Germanic *hrōkaz (compare Saterland Frisian Rouk, Dutch roek, obsolete German Ruch), from Proto-Indo-European *kerk- (“crow, raven”) (compare Old Irish cerc (“hen”), Old Prussian kerko (“loon, diver”), dialectal Bulgarian кро́кон (krókon, “raven”), Ancient Greek κόραξ (kórax, “falcon”), Old Armenian ագռաւ (agṙaw), Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬵𐬭𐬐𐬀𐬙𐬀𐬝 (kahrkatat̰, “rooster”), Sanskrit कृकर (kṛkara, “rooster”)), Ukrainian крук (kruk, “raven”).

  1. A European bird, Corvus frugilegus, of the crow family.
  2. A cheat or swindler; someone who betrays.
  3. (Britain) a type of firecracker used by farmers to scare birds of the same name.
  4. A trick-taking game, usually played with a specialized deck of cards.
A rook (chess)
  1. (chess) A piece shaped like a castle tower, that can be moved only up, down, left or right (but not diagonally) or in castling.
  2. (rare) A castle or other fortification.

From Old French roc, ultimately from Persian رخ (rox), from Middle Persian lhw' (rox, “rook, castle (chess)”), of unknown origin. Compare roc.

  1. (chess) A piece shaped like a castle tower, that can be moved only up, down, left or right (but not diagonally) or in castling.
  2. (rare) A castle or other fortification.

From rookie.

  1. (baseball, slang) A rookie.

    rook was also found in the following language(s): Dutch

    Notable Persons With the Last Name Rook

    James "Jim" Rook is a comics character.

    Popularity:

    Nicolay is a soul music, electronic music, instrumental, and hip hop music musician. He plays keys, guitar, bass, Pro Tools, and Keyboard instrument. He was most active from 2000 to present. Nicolay was given the name Matthijs Rook in Utrecht. Nicolay is also known as Nicolay and Matthijs Rook (birth name).

    Popularity:

    The Rook is a comics character.

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    Jean Kathleen Rook was a columnist. Jean was born on November 13th, 1931 in Kingston upon Hull. She breathed her last breath in 1991.

    Popularity:

    John Rook was an american radio scheduling programmer, executive, businessman, american radio scheduling (broadcasting) programmer, and businessman (john rook & associates). John was born on October 9th, 1937 in --03-01. He breathed his last breath on March 1st, 2016.

    Popularity:

    Arthur was born on May 26th, 1921. He passed away on September 30th, 1989.

    Popularity:

    Where is the name Rook popular?

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    Popularity of Rook as a last name

    The map shows the absolute popularity of the name Rook as a last name in each of the states. See other popular names in Pennsylvania, New York, or North Carolina.

    Ethnicity Distribution

    Ethnicity Rook U.S.
      White 89.67% 64.26%
      African American 4.11% 11.96%
      Asian, Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander 1.20% 4.85%
      American Indian and Alaska Native 0.71% 0.69%
      Two or More Ethnicities 1.93% 1.76%
      Hispanic or Latino 2.38% 16.26%

    Of Last Name Rook

    People with the last name Rook are most frequently White

    Entire United States

    Fun Facts about the name Rook

    • How Popular is the name Rook? Rook is the 21,857th most popular name of all time. As a last name Rook was the 7,165th most popular name in 2010.
    • How many people with the first name Rook have been born in the United States? From 1880 to 2017, the Social Security Administration has recorded 297 babies born with the first name Rook in the United States. That's more than enough people named Rook to occupy the territory of Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom) with an estimated population of 66 (as of July 1, 2008).
    • What year were 5 or more babies first named Rook? The name was first given to 5 or more babies in the year 2001 when it was given as a first name to 6 new born babies.
    • When was Rook first recorded in the United States? The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the first name Rook is Friday, April 7th, 1899.
    • What year had the most people named Rook born? The highest recorded use of the first name Rook was in 2014 with a total of 40 babies.
    • Random Rook Factoid: According to the 2011 U.S. Social Security Administration data, the first name Rook is not a popular baby boy's name in Arizona. Imagine that, only 5 babies in Arizona have the same name as you in 2011.
    • Weird things about the name Rook: Your name in reverse order is Koor. A random rearrangement of the letters in your name (anagram) will give Ookr. How do you pronounce that?
    • How many people have the last name Rook? In 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau surveyed 4,668 people with the last name Rook.
    • How likely are you to meet someone with the last name of Rook? If you manage to meet 100,000 people in your life, chances are that 2 of them will have Rook as their last name.

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    • Sources:
    • U.S. Census Bureau: Frequently Occurring Surnames from the Census 2000 (public domain).
    • U.S. Social Security Administration: Popular Baby Names, Death Master File (public domain).
    • 1913 Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary via the Collaborative International Dictionary of English (License)
    • Other Dictionary Sources: WordNet 3.1 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University (License).
    • Wiktionary: Titles and License.
    • Notable persons via Wikipedia: Titles and License. Click each image for the attribution information.