- That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoints; a make-believe; delusion; imposture; humbug."A mere sham." [Bp. Stillingfleet.]"Believe who will the solemn sham, not I." [Addison.]
- A false front, or removable ornamental covering.
Etymology: Originally the same word as shame, hence, a disgrace, a trick. See Shame (n.)